@Article{Pluta2017,
author="Pluta, Robert
and Russo, Bernard",
title="Homomorphic conditional expectations as noncommutative retractions",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="396-408",
abstract="Let $A$ be a $C^*$-algebra and $\mathcal{E}\colon A \to A$ a conditional expectation. The Kadison-Schwarz inequality for completely positive maps, $$\mathcal{E}(x)^* \mathcal{E}(x) \leq \mathcal{E}(x^* x),$$implies that$$\left\Vert\mathcal{E}(x)\right\Vert^2 \leq \left\Vert\mathcal{E}(x^* x)\right\Vert.$$In this note we show that $\mathcal{E}$ is homomorphic (in the sense that $\mathcal{E}(xy) = \mathcal{E}(x)\mathcal{E}(y)$ for every $x, y$ in $A$) if and only if$$\left\Vert\mathcal{E}(x)\right\Vert^2 = \left\Vert\mathcal{E}(x^*x)\right\Vert,$$for every $x$ in $A$. We also prove that a homomorphic conditional expectation on a commutative $C^*$-algebra $C_0(X)$ is given by composition with a continuous retraction of $X$. One may therefore consider homomorphic conditional expectations as noncommutative retractions.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1705-1161",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_46633.html"
}
@Article{Gupta2017,
author="Gupta, Anuradha
and Mamtani, Karuna",
title="Variants of Weyl's theorem for direct sums of closed linear operators",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="409-418",
abstract="If $T$ is an operator with compact resolvent and $S$ is any densely defined closed linear operator, then the orthogonal direct sum of $T$ and $S$ satisfies various Weyl type theorems if some necessary conditions are imposed on the operator $S$. It is shown that if $S$ is isoloid and satisfies Weyl's theorem, then $T \oplus S$ satisfies Weyl's theorem. Analogous result is proved for a-Weyl's theorem. Further, it is shown that Browder's theorem is directly transmitted from $S$ to $T \oplus S$. The converse of these results have also been studied.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1701-1087",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_46634.html"
}
@Article{Lakew2017,
author="Lakew, Dejenie",
title="On orthogonal decomposition of a Sobolev space",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="419-427",
abstract="The theme of this short article is to investigate an orthogonal decomposition of the Sobolev space $W^{1,2}\left( \Omega \right) $ as $ W^{1,2}\left( \Omega \right) =A^{2,2}\left( \Omega \right) \oplus D^{2}\left( W_{0}^{3,2}\left( \Omega \right) \right)$ and look at some of the properties of the inner product therein and the distance defined from the inner product. We also determine the dimension of\ the orthogonal difference space $W^{1,2}\left( \Omega \right) \ominus \left(W_{0}^{1,2}\left( \Omega \right) \right) ^{\perp }$ and show the expansion of Sobolev spaces as their regularity increases.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1703-1135",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_46656.html"
}
@Article{Ghosh2017,
author="Ghosh, Puja
and Sain, Debmalya
and Paul, Kallol",
title="On symmetry of Birkhoff-James orthogonality of linear operators",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="428-434",
abstract="A bounded linear operator $T$ on a normed linear space $\mathbb{X}$ is said to be right symmetric (left symmetric) if $A\perp_{B} T \Rightarrow T \perp_B A $ ($T \perp_{B} A \Rightarrow A \perp_B T $) for all $ A \in B(\mathbb{X}),$ the space of all bounded linear operators on $\mathbb{X}$. Turnsek [Linear Algebra Appl., 407 (2005), 189-195] proved that if $\mathbb{X}$ is a Hilbert space then $T$ is right symmetric if and only if $T$ is a scalar multiple of an isometry or coisometry. This result fails in general if the Hilbert space is replaced by a Banach space. The characterization of right and left symmetric operators on a Banach space is still open. In this paper we study the orthogonality in the sense of Birkhoff-James of bounded linear operators on $ (\mathbb{R}^n, |\cdot|_{\infty}) $ and characterize the right symmetric and left symmetric operators on $(\mathbb{R}^n,|\cdot|_{\infty}).$",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1703-1137",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_46810.html"
}
@Article{DelPezzo2017,
author="Del Pezzo, Leandro
and Rossi, Julio D.",
title="Traces for fractional Sobolev spaces with variable exponents",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="435-446",
abstract="In this note we prove a trace theorem in fractional spaces with variable exponents. To be more precise, we show that if $p\colon\overline{\Omega }\times \overline{\Omega } \rightarrow (1,\infty )$ and $q\colon\partial \Omega\rightarrow (1,\infty )$ are continuous functions such that\[ \frac{(n-1)p(x,x)}{n-sp(x,x)}>q(x) \qquad \mbox{ in } \partial \Omega \cap \{x\in\overline{\Omega}\colon n-sp(x,x) >0\}, \]then the inequality $$ \Vert f\Vert _{\scriptstyle L^{q(\cdot)}(\partial \Omega )} \leq C \left\{ \Vert f\Vert _{\scriptstyle L^{\bar{p}(\cdot)}(\Omega )}+ [f]_{s,p(\cdot,\cdot)} \right\} $$ holds. Here $\bar{p}(x)=p(x,x)$ and $\lbrack f\rbrack_{s,p(\cdot,\cdot)} $ denotes the fractional seminorm with variable exponent, that is given by \begin{equation*} \lbrack f\rbrack_{s,p(\cdot,\cdot)} := \inf \left\{ \lambda >0\colon \int_{\Omega}\int_{\Omega }\frac{|f(x)-f(y)|^{p(x,y)}}{\lambda ^{p(x,y)} |x-y|^{n+sp(x,y)}}dxdy<1\right\} \end{equation*}and $\Vert f\Vert _{\scriptstyle L^{q(\cdot)}(\partial \Omega )}$ and $\Vert f\Vert _{\scriptstyle L^{\bar{p}(\cdot)}(\Omega )}$ are the usual Lebesgue norms with variable exponent.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1704-1152",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_47208.html"
}
@Article{Helemskii2017,
author="Helemskii, Alexander",
title="Structures on the way from classical to quantum spaces and their tensor products",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="447-467",
abstract="We study tensor products of two structures situated, in a sense, between normed spaces and (abstract) operator spaces. We call them Lambert and proto-Lambert spaces and pay more attention to the latter ones. The considered two tensor products lead to essentially different norms in the respective spaces. Moreover, the proto-Lambert tensor product is especially nice for spaces with the maximal proto-Lambert norm and in particular, for $L_1$-spaces. At the same time the Lambert tensor product is nice for Hilbert spaces with the minimal Lambert norm.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1706-1189",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_48029.html"
}
@Article{Cho2017,
author="Cho, Muneo
and Nacevska-Nastovska, Biljana
and Tomiyama, Jun",
title="On skew [m,C]-symmetric operators",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="468-474",
abstract="In this paper, first we characterize the spectra of skew $[m,C]$-symmetric operators and we also prove that if operators $T$ and $S$ are $C$-doubly commuting operators, $T$ is a skew $[m,C]$-symmetric operator and $Q$ is an $n$-nilpotent operator, then $T+Q$ is a skew $[m+2n-2,C]$-symmetric operator. Finally, we show that if $T$ is skew $[m,C]$-symmetric and $S$ is $[n,D]$-symmetric, then $T\otimes S$ is skew $[m+n-1, C \otimes D]$-symmetric.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1703-1147",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_48114.html"
}
@Article{Krishnan2017,
author="Krishnan, Arundhathi
and Kulkarni, S. H.",
title="Pseudospectra of elements of reduced Banach algebras",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="475-493",
abstract="Let $A$ be a Banach algebra with identity $1$ and $p\in A$ be a non-trivial idempotent. Then $q=1-p$ is also an idempotent. The subalgebras $pAp$ and $qAq$ are Banach algebras, called reduced Banach algebras, with identities $p$ and $q$ respectively. For $a\in A$ and $\varepsilon>0$, we examine the relationship between the $\varepsilon$-pseudospectrum $\Lambda_{\varepsilon}(A,a)$ of $a\in A$, and $\varepsilon$-pseudospectra of $pap\in pAp$ and $qaq\in qAq$. We also extend this study by considering a finite number of idempotents $p_{1},\cdots,p_{n}$, as well as an arbitrary family of idempotents satisfying certain conditions.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1702-1112",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_48321.html"
}
@Article{Ayupov2017,
author="Ayupov, Shavkat
and Kudaybergenov, Karimbergen
and Alauadinov, Amir",
title="2-Local derivations on matrix algebras and algebras of measurable operators",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="494-505",
abstract="Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a unital Banach algebra such that any Jordan derivation from $\mathcal{A}$ into any $\mathcal{A}$-bimodule $\mathcal{M}$ is a derivation. We prove that any 2-local derivation from the algebra $M_n(\mathcal{A})$ into $M_n(\mathcal{M})\,\,(n\geq 3)$ is a derivation. We apply this result to show that any 2-local derivation on the algebra of locally measurable operators affiliated with a von Neumann algebra without direct abelian summands is a derivation.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1612-1074",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_43482.html"
}
@Article{Day2017,
author="Day, Stuart
and Taheri, Ali",
title="A formulation of the Jacobi coefficients $c^l_j(\alpha, \beta)$ via Bell polynomials",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="506-515",
abstract="The Jacobi polynomials $(\mathscr{P}^{(\alpha, \beta)}_k: k\ge0, \alpha, \beta>-1)$ are deeply intertwined with the Laplacian on compact rank one symmetric spaces. They represent the {\it spherical} or zonal functions and as such constitute the main ingredients in describing the spectral measures and spectral projections associated with the Laplacian on these spaces. In this note we strengthen this connection by showing that a set of spectral and geometric quantities associated with Jacobi operator fully describe the Maclaurin coefficients associated with the heat and other related Schwartzian kernels and present an explicit formulation of these quantities using the Bell polynomials.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1705-1163",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_48949.html"
}
@Article{Abdelkefi2017,
author="Abdelkefi, Chokri
and Rached, Faten",
title="Besov-Dunkl spaces connected with generalized Taylor formula on the real line",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="516-530",
abstract="In the present paper, we define for the Dunkl tranlation operators on the real line, the Besov-Dunkl space of functions for which the remainder in the generalized Taylor's formula has a given order. We provide characterization of these spaces by the Dunkl convolution.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1704-1154",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_49228.html"
}
@Article{Chang2017,
author="Chang, Jeongwook
and Choi, Chang-Kwon
and Kim, Jongjin
and Sahoo, Prasanna. K",
title="Stability of the cosine-sine functional equation with involution",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="531-546",
abstract=" Let $S$ and $G$ be a commutative semigroup and a commutative group respectively, $\Bbb C$ and $\Bbb R^+$ the sets of complex numbers and nonnegative real numbers respectively, $\sigma : S \to S$ or $\sigma : G \to G$ an involution and $\psi : G\to \Bbb R^+$ be fixed. In this paper, we first investigate general solutions of the equation \begin{align}g(x+\sigma y)=g(x)g(y)+f(x)f(y)\nonumber\end{align}for all $ x,y \in S$, where $f, g : S \to \Bbb C$ are unknown functions to be determined. Secondly, we consider the Hyers-Ulam stability of the equation,i.e., we study the functional inequality\begin{align}|g(x+\sigma y)-g(x)g(y)-f(x)f(y)|\le \psi(y)\nonumber\end{align}for all $ x,y \in G$, where $f, g : G\to \Bbb C$.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/aot.1706-1190",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_50055.html"
}
@Article{Terp2017,
author="Terp, Marianne",
title="$L^p$ Fourier transformation on non-unimodular locally compact groups",
journal="Advances in Operator Theory",
year="2017",
volume="2",
number="4",
pages="547-583",
abstract="Let $G$ be a locally compact group with modular function $\Delta$ and left regular representation $\lambda$. We define the $L^p$ Fourier transform of a function $f \in L^p(G)$, $1\le p \le 2$, to be essentially the operator $\lambda(f)\Delta^{\frac{1}{q}}$ on $L^2(G)$ (where $\frac{1}{p}+\frac{1}{q}=1$) and show that a generalized Hausdorff--Young theorem holds. To do this, we first treat in detail the spatial $L^p$ spaces $L^p(\psi_0)$, $1 \le p \le \infty$, associated with the von Neumann algebra $M=\lambda(G)^{\prime\prime}$ on $L^2(G)$ and the canonical weight $\psi_0$ on its commutant. In particular, we discuss isometric isomorphisms of $L^2(\psi_0)$ onto $L^2(G)$ and of $L^1(\psi_0)$ onto the Fourier algebra $A(G)$. Also, we give a characterization of positive definite functions belonging to $A(G)$ among all continuous positive definite functions.",
issn="2538-225X",
doi="10.22034/AOT.1709-1231",
url="http://www.aot-math.org/article_50287.html"
}